Osteopathic treatment spectrum
Due to legal regulations, Heilpraktikers cannot list specific illnesses potential treatable by Heilpraktikers, as the legislator considers this to be a promise of a cure. As osteopaths treat many different ailments, our practice will be happy to answer any questions you may have about osteopathic treatment, our services or symptoms treated by our therapists. Please feel free to call us.
For your information, we have listed and briefly described some common diseases of the musculoskeletal system:
Diseases of the spine
Herniated and bulging intervertebral discs
Disc herniation results from a tear in the hard outer layer of the disc leading to the secretion of gelatinous fluid out of the disc and potentially on neural structures. Bulging as the name implies witnesses the bulging of the hard outer layer of the disc without any secretion of disc fluid.
Kyphosis witnesses the curving forwards of the mid back leading to permanent rounding of the spine.
Scoliosis is a sideways deformation of the spine either in an “S” or “C” form.
Spinal stenosis results from the narrowing of the spinal canal.
Spondylarthrosis witnesses degenerative change of the spinal joint cartilage.
Spondylolisthesis witnesses the forward translation of one or more of the lower lumbar vertebral bodies of the spine.
Lumbago presents as a sudden onset of pain in the lower back.
Whiplash of the cervical spine
Whiplash occurs as an acceleration-deceleration injury of the cervical spine generally resulting from an accident leading to potential ligamentous, tendon or muscular injury of the neck.
Coccygodynia (Coccyx pain)
Coccygodynia results generally from a fall, prolonged sitting or childbirth and presents as coccyx pain.
Pelvic and sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain
Pelvic pain generally presents as SIJ pain, located at the lower back where the pelvis and sacrum form. Pain can radiate from this joint into the buttocks and/or legs.
Diseases of the shoulder
Impingement syndrome of the shoulder
Impingment syndrome of the shoulder results from narrowing of the acromial space located below the acromioclavicular (AC) joint leading to pinching and subsequent inflammation of one or more of the rotator cuff tendons.
Bursitis of the shoulder
Bursitis of shoulder typically coexists with an impingement syndrome of the shoulder and presents as very painful and restrictive shoulder pain.
Frozen shoulder (Adhesive capsulitis)
Frozen shoulder refers to a long and painful stiffening of the shoulder capsule.
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injury
AC joint injury results from trauma thereby leading to damage of the AC joint ligaments.
Shoulder dislocations result from trauma leading to loss of congruence of the shoulder joint.
Diseases of the elbow
Tennis elbow (Lateral epicondylitis)
Tennis elbow results from overuse of the hand leading to inflammation and pain of the outer elbow.
Golfer’s elbow (Medial epicondylitis)
Golfer’s elbow results from overuse of the hand leading to inflammation and pain of the inner elbow.
Diseases of the hip
Arthritis of the hip joint
Hip arthritis results from degenerative change of the hip joint surfaces leading to eventual pain and inflammation.
An inguinal hernia occurs due to tissue damage of the inguinal canal and subsequent protrusion of abdominal structures out of this hole.
Labral tear of the hip
A labral tear results generally from trauma or repetitive microtrauma leading to groin pain.
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)
FAI of the hip results from repetitive microtrauma of the hip leading to incongruency of the joint surfaces of the hip joint leading to pain and inflammation during specific joint movements.
Hip dysplasia occurs when soft hip joint cartilage fails to transform into solid bone in babies, causing incongruency of the hip joint
Tendinopathy is a non-inflammatory disease of the tendons.
Hip bursitis (Trochanteric bursitis)
Lower limb and/or pelvic functional impairments or overuse can cause painful bursitis of the hip.
Meralgia paraesthetica refers to neural entrapment at the site of the inguinal ligament leading to an altered sensation of the outer thigh.
Diseases of the ankle joint and feet
Achilles tendonitis often occurs from overuse especially in athletes’ thereby leading to acute pain over the Achilles tendon during loading.
Gout triggers an acute inflammatory pain of the affected joint.
Plantar fasciitis presents as a sharp pain located on the sole of the foot under the heel bone.
Morton’s neuroma refers to a painful nerve condition of the foot.
Ligament sprain of the ankle
Ankle ligament sprains are often associated with sports accidents with varying levels of severity.
Shin splints usually result from overuse during sports and presents with pain along the inside of the shin during loading.
Stress fractures generally occur in the athletes and present with localized pain in the injured bone during loading.
Headaches, dizziness, tinnitus
Considered one of the most painful types of headache, cluster headaches are episodic in nature occurring most commonly in men.
Migraine attacks can last from several hours to several days presenting commonly with nausea, vomiting and light sensitivity.
Tension headache presents as dull, pressing pain wrapping around the head like a band.
A one-sided headache originating in the neck is called a cervicogenic headache
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
BPPV results from the detachment of tiny crystals in the inner ear leading to vertigo triggered by certain movements of the head.
Tinnitus refers to the highly distressing permanent perception of noises such as whistling, buzzing or beeping in one or both ears.
Diseases of the knees
A Baker’s cyst presents as a bulge in the back of the knee resulting from an intracapsular knee injury.
Chondromalacia patellae presents as severe knee pain, especially in athletes, that is caused by irritation of the cartilage behind the knee cap.
Plica syndrome witnesses an irritation of synovial tissue behind the knee cap presenting wih knee joint pain.
Arthritis of the knee joint
Knee arthritis results from degenerative change of the knee joint surfaces leading to eventual pain and inflammation.
Patellar tendinitis (Jumper’s knee)
Patellar tendinitis leads to tiny tears and localized inflammation in this tendon due to overuse.
Bursitis of the knee
Bursitis often occurs on or over the knee cap due to trauma resulting in pain, swelling and inflammation.
A meniscus tear normally occurs after a rotational knee injury and presents most often with swelling and knee joint restriction.
Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament
An injury to the anterior cruciate ligament most often occurs as a result of a traumatic hyperextension injury leading to pain, swelling and instability.
Injuries to the posterior cruciate ligament
An injury to the posterior cruciate ligament most often occurs as a result of a traumatic hyperflexion injury resulting in translation to the shin on a fixed upper leg thereby leading to pain, swelling and occasionally instability.
Osgood-Schlatter’s occurs in athletic young children resulting from overuse. The cause results from overuse to an incomplete ossified growth plate on the upper front shin bone.
Runner’s knee (Iliotibial band syndrome)
Runner’s knee occurs as a result of overuse leading to irritation of the iliotibial band.
Medial collateral ligament sprain
Injuries to the medial collateral ligament result most typically from contact sports resulting from a traumatic force from the outside of the knee.
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ dysfunction)
TMJ dysfunction results most typically from clenching and/or grinding of the teeth leading to pain in the jaw, face, neck and/or teeth.
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